Student Accommodation Model (S.A.M.)


Is there a disability?
Based on definition of disability within ADA/504

NO check mark for NO ADA, 504 not applicable.

YEShand pointing down to next item on flowchart--next to the YES answer

Is the student otherwise qualified?
Based on criterion for admission/enrollment

NO check mark to NO Review qualification criteria.
arrow to resulting factor of answer No accommodation required.

YEShand pointing down to the next item on flowchart--next to the YES answer

Is there adequate, appropriate documentation?
Based on guidelines/policies e.g. ETS & AHEAD documentation for LD and ADHD


  • Current
  • Thorough
  • Comprehensive
  • Appropriate Evaluator

NO check mark to NO Need to provide documentation.
Need additional documentation.
Documentation shows no diagnosis.
Definition of disability unmet.
arrow to resulting answerNo accommodation necessary.

YES hand pointing down to next item in flowchart; next to YES answer

What is the difficulty/impact?
arrow pointing to the next statement
Is it disability-related?
arrow pointing to the next statement
Does it substantially limit him/her?

NOcheck mark to NO Further exploration re: area identified
Other non-disability resources, e.g. Writing Ctr.
Definition of disability unmet.
arrow pointing to resulting factor No accommodation necessary.

YES hand pointing down to next item in flowchart; next to YES answer

What programs are to accessed?
Academic

  • Based on requirements & expectations of course/degree;
  • Identify essential elements w/ reasoned deliberate process required.

Non-academic

  • Access as a whole when viewed in its entirety (e.g. housing, field trip, concert, building)

NO check mark next to the NO answer Must show why 'essential'.
arrow pointing to resulting factor No modification

YES hand pointing down to next item in flowchart; next to YES answer

What are the appropriate accommodations?
What is the purpose/goal/outcome?
-or-
What is the obstacle/inaccessible feature?

hand pointing down to next item in flowchartsecond hand pointing down to next item of flowchart

PROVIDE APPROPRIATE ACCOMMODATIONS

glasses symbol indicating need to consider the items below

Considerations:

  • Program as a whole 'to be accessible'
  • Give individual 'primary consideration'
  • Provide 'equal opportunity'
  • List alternatives
  • 'Fundamentally alter' program/requirements not required
  • 'Undue administrative or financial burden' not required
  • 'Accommodation/aid of personal nature' not required
  • Accommodation chosen needs to be 'equally effective'

developed by Mike Shuttic for NASPA presentation (1998)
revised last 6/99


If you are interested in more information regarding the ADA, check out the Basic Principles of the ADA by J. Trey Duffy.

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